A description of web hosting
As its name implies, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting web content. There are various varieties and types of hosting, depending on the goals and on the usage. Nevertheless, they all involve hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Web. A web host is actually a web server that is linked to the Internet and has its own personal IP address, which allows users to have access to it via the World Wide Web. The web server's architecture and its system resources are determined by the form of web hosting solution it's going to be used for.
What are the various forms of hosting?
Depending on the goal, the professional hosting service may be:
File Web Hosting - this form of hosting allows the clients to host their files on a given server. With the regular file hosting service, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the individual that's utilizing the service. This hosting service normally entails backups of personal computers , documents, personal files and even other web hosting servers. This service may also impose given restrictions when it comes to the data storage and the root privileges. There may also be web traffic limitations, but that is dependent on the given web host.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting service is comparable with the previous web hosting service form. Even so, in contrast with the file hosting service, the warez hosting solution is used for transmitting licensed content without being okayed by the licence proprietor. In brief - it is associated with the unlawful propagation of files and materials. There are numerous approaches for this to be done, but the 2 essential ways are - through plain HTTP downloading and via P2P connections. The first way entails either a particular web portal, or, most often, simply a directory on a hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download copyrighted files free of charge. The second method involves a peer-to-peer connection, making use of the so-called Torrent servers, via which people transfer files between each other. There are very few web site hosting firms that allow that type of hosting on their web servers, mainly due to all the judicial complications that it entails. Usually such web sites are hosted on personal dedicated web hosting servers that are registered by third-party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Web Hosting - this service is applicable with both shared webspace hosting and dedicated hosting servers, based on the client's wish. If you wish to build your own private SMTP email server, then you will need either a Virtual Private Server or a dedicated server that provides the level of access required to execute such a task. For traditional e-mail hosting purposes, though, you can set up an ordinary shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a service that's very famous, because the web hosting and the email hosting services are being served by 2 different web servers, usually belonging to separate web hosting providers.
Website Hosting - the most popular and frequently used hosting service as of now. It's used for hosting web site files, whose kind depends on the Operating System the server is utilizing - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files need concrete hosting server OSs, otherwise they won't be displayed correctly on the World Wide Web. This sort of hosting may contain disk space and bandwidth limits, root access and CPU usage limitations.
Depending on the purpose and on the objectives, the user should choose the sort of web hosting server that he needs for his project, and, of course, the website hosting firm that's going to supply it. There are different kinds of servers, depending on the specifications and the website hosting services that they provide. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared web server offers a smaller quantity of system resources, which, of course, is reflected on the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small scale and medium size web sites, which do not demand large quantities of disk space and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Hosting - they work on the same principle as the shared webspace hosting servers. However, there are much less users hosted on the same hosting server. That is why, each of them will have a bigger quota of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, storage space, traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting bulky web sites that do not require root privileges.
Virtual Private Server - the VPS web hosting servers are perfect for medium scale web portals, which do need root access to the server's configuration files. Traditionally, there are a handful of virtual private web server accounts situated on the same server. Even so, each of them is insulated from the rest and runs its own OS.
Dedicated Server - a completely dedicated hosting server set up and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a considerable amount of resources. It also includes full root privileges, which renders it an ideal environment for any sort of website that requires a webspace hosting solution.
The only question that remains is:
Which site hosting company should I pick?
As mentioned, there are not many hosts offering warez web hosting services due to legal entanglements. Such web hosting companies are being shut down practically every month. That is why, if you desire to establish such a service, you should do it on your own personal computer. The shared webspace hosting solution is the most widely spread type of hosting service. Because of that, every hosting vendor offers it. Not all of them, though, provide services such as VPSs, semi-dedicated hosting servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small scale website hosting firms do not have the resources required for offering those solutions. Hence it's always best to choose a bigger hosting company that can furnish its clients with all the solutions that they are searching for. You can quickly identify such hosting companies by the kinds of services that they are making available and by the manner in which they present them to the customers. For instance, certain web hosts permit you to start with a smaller webspace hosting plan and subsequently shift to a bigger one, if you consider it compulsory to do so. This is extremely suitable, because you do not need to move web portals between servers and there is no risk of facing service outages because of all the predicaments that may crop up. Hosting companies such as Exclusive Hosting offer all kinds of solutions and have the necessary server resources and staff to guarantee that their customers will not chance upon any hassles when swapping services, which is what a top hosting firm is actually all about.